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sensory perception

A great article, “DIFFERENT SENSORY EXPERIENCES - DIFFERENT SENSORY WORLDS,” By Olga Bogdashina, from this website,, explains that sensory perception for the autistic person is different for each individual.  Not only that, “abnormal” sensory perception is also one of the main traits that is identified with autism.  Here are some quotes from the article:

“They do not respond in a way we expect them to, because they have different systems of perception and communication.”

“It is worth learning how autistic individuals themselves consider the role of sensory-perceptual difficulties they experience.
The personal accounts of autistic individuals reveal that one of the main problems they experience is their abnormal perception and many autistic authors consider autism as largely a condition relating to sensory processing.”

“What makes the matter even more complicated is that no two autistic people appear to have the exactly same patterns of sensory-perceptual experiences.”

What are some of the sensory perception difficulties for autistic people?  The article lists the following:

  1. Viewing things literally without interpretation.

  2. Inability to process background and foreground information.  That is, when given the same task, can do the task, but not apply it in a different situation.  Autistic people like sameness very little change, and predictability.  Routine and rituals help autistic people learn.

  3. Hypersensitivity.  Some may like quiet and others not.  Some may prefer tight clothing and others not.  Thus, it is sometimes difficult to adapt the surroundings of the autistic child to meet every sensitivity. 

  4. Fragmented sensory integration.  That is, when too many things need to be done at one time, this is not helpful to the autistic person.  It is better to break each skill down to its simplest form so that each specific skill can be learned one at a time.  This is proven in this incredible educational material—link here to product.

  5. Delayed processing.  For example, phrases, words or sentences may take weeks to process.

  6. Do not like to be overloaded with too much information.

  7. Do not like eye contact.

The article closes with this thought or suggestion:  “If we accommodate the environment and try to ‘keep it clean’ in order to meet their very special needs, the world could become more comfortable for them. With sensory needs met, problem behaviour becomes less of an issue. If there were no danger to be attacked, you would not need defense.”

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